Occasional Talk: Dr. Rabia Liaquat

November 3, 2016

To achieve the increasing demand for energy worldwide, diversified technologies are necessary for energy production. In the renewable energy sector, Pakistan is using hydropower to meet the demand successfully, whereas projects addressing solar and wind energy are in the planning phase. The case of biomass is particularly relevant because of its sustainable way to produce biodiesel, biogas, bio oil, and ethanol from cheap raw materials. The production of biofuel is likely to play a key role in Pakistan’s energy future. Poor urban planning and infrastructure, lack of public awareness and endemic corruption are some of the causes for the roughly 20 million tons of solid waste generated annually, while the annual growth rate is about 2.4 percent. Bioenergy production from anaerobic digestion (AD) of organic wastes is a promising climate change mitigation option and is considered a sustainable treatment technology.